October Metro Committee Meeting Updates: Bus Service, TOC, Measure R2

Metro's Transit Service Policy Update is summarized in this presentation [PDF]
Metro’s Transit Service Policy Update lays the groundwork for a frequent bus service network, expected in July 2016. Changes are summarized in this presentation [PDF].
The Metro Board of Directors held its monthly committee meetings this week, in advance of next Thursday’s board meeting. Below are a handful of news bits gleaned from this week’s committee meetings. Final decisions still need to be approved by the full board next week.

Frequent Bus Service Network

Metro’s System Safety, Security and Operations Committee approved a new 81-page “2016 Transit Service Policy” document [PDF]. The changes are summarized in this presentation [PDF]. The document primarily lays the groundwork for implementing the not-yet-well-defined Frequent Bus Network, also known as the Strategic Bus Network Plan (SBNP.) SBLA analyzed the draft network proposal in this earlier article.

There are two main policy changes in the new Transit Service Policy. Both were recommended in Metro’s March 2015 American Public Transportation Association review:

  • Increase Load Factor: Load factor measures how crowded buses are. Currently Metro has a single load factor for all bus service; buses (at least as scheduled/planned at peak) hold 1.3 times their seated capacity. That means that generally 23 percent of riders are expected to stand at peak hours. The agency is adopting a new standard that it characterizes as “wait a long time: get to sit down.” It is a more complex standard that takes into account frequency of service. Peak service load factors increase to 1.4, meaning 29 percent of peak hour riders can expect to stand. This is a somewhat delicate balance to strike. Transit expert Jarrett Walker emphasizes that maintaining a low peak load factor is costly. On the other hand, overcrowded buses can become so full that they pass by waiting riders.
  • Eliminate Bus Stops: Metro reports that, over the past five years, average bus speeds have declined from “12 mph to less than 10.91 mph.” One low cost way to address this is to eliminate stops, especially local bus stops that are close together. See this earlier SBLA article on the benefits of bus stop thinning.

As this earlier SBLA article outlines, many questions remain regarding the SBNP, especially regarding canceling lines that may be picked up by municipal bus operators, including Foothill Transit and Santa Monica Big Blue Bus. The timeline specified in the presentation shows Metro detailing service changes in December, and holding hearings in February 2016, for a planned implementation in July 2016.

Map of planned new North Hollywood to Pasadena freeway bus. Image via Metro.
Map of planned new North Hollywood to Pasadena freeway bus. Image via Metro.

New NoHo-Pasadena Express Bus Line

Metro’s Operations Committee approved $784,000 to fund a new North Hollywood to Pasadena express bus, connecting the Orange and Red Lines with the Gold Line.  The new freeway bus line will be called Line 501. It is expected to begin a 180-day pilot at the same time that the Foothill Gold Line opens in the Spring of 2016. The route roughly parallels LADOT Commuter Express line 549, which operates only on weekday peak hours. Additional details in Metro staff reports.

Metro is also studying this Pasadena-NoHo connection for a possible upgrade to high quality Bus Rapid Transit (BRT.)

Measure R 2.1 timeline
Measure R 2.1 timeline

Measure R 2.1 Framework Announced

Preparations for a possible November 2016 transportation sales tax measure are underway. This week Metro committees were presented with a draft “framework” on how projects will be evaluated. The board is expected to vote on the framework at its December meeting. The staff reports still include numerous project lists that go well beyond what a new tax could fund, so sausage-making deal-cutting should begin very soon. We’ll have more details on how this is shaking out in future SBLA articles.

Transit Oriented Communities Demonstration Program 

Using terminology Metro CEO Phil Washington states frequently, Metro is moving from TOD to TOC – that is, from Transit Oriented Development to Transit Oriented Communities. The changes are positive but somewhat subtle. Under the leadership of Washington, and board chairs Eric Garcetti and Mark Ridley-Thomas, Metro is taking a somewhat more proactive role in developing housing and retail at its rail stations, with an emphasis on affordable housing. Metro recently updated its Joint Development Policy, and retooled its now-TOC website. Staff reports detail improved development guidelines and design review processes, and highlighted projects from Duarte to El Monte to North Hollywood.

Parking Plans Change at MacArthur Park TOD

On a related TOD, er, TOC note: Metro’s excessive TOC parking predictions turned out to be inaccurate on the initial phase of a joint development project adjacent to the MacArthur Park Red Line Station. Metro’s joint development included 100 free parking spaces for transit riders; a conservative estimate of $24,000 per space would place this at about $2.4 million worth of parking infrastructure. Metro staff observed the 100 spaces and found “occupancy has remained at zero percent… since it opened in summer of 2013.” Metro staff observed an average of 29 cars using the 100 spaces, but determined that none of the cars were transit riders.

Metro’s solution is to lease the spaces on a monthly basis to non-transit riders, generating approximately $100,000 in annual revenue (per the staff report [PDF] and presentation [PDF]). So Metro is likely to recoup that initial $2.4 million in investment in about 24 years, without even a pretense of supporting transit riders. While it is worthwhile that Metro will be charging for this un-utilized parking, perhaps it would have been better to have initially invested this money and this space in something more beneficial to the community. Maybe affordable housing instead?

Will a similar dynamic occur at other sites? Perhaps at Metro’s North Hollywood TOC, saddled with $48 million in transit rider parking? Time will tell. If Metro is really stepping up to foster affordable TOC, the agency will need to step away from insisting on outdated suburban parking requirements.

 

  • Overcrowded buses are also dangerous when SOVs ignore stop lines at cross streets or decide to take a left in front of an approaching bus. My sprained arm is testimony to these sudden stops. And to think all the population and traffic models showed there was a need for a Subway along Wilshire already by 2000! Now who would be so short-sighted to have ignored these predictions?

  • Joseph E

    “Metro is likely to recoup that initial $2.4 million in investment in about 24 years, without even a pretense of supporting transit riders”
    It’s worse than that. 100k a year on a 2.4 million dollar investment is only a 4.17% rate of return. Los Angeles land and housing values are rising faster than 4%, so Metro will be losing money every year compared to having build nothing. Extra housing at this location would have been much more profitable and also would have increased transit ridership; a double profit for Metro (and county taxpayers)

  • Alex Brideau III

    Speaking of stop lines, I’ve been wondering about their placement. Aren’t stop lines supposed to be painted perpendicular to the direction of car travel? Because I’ve noticed that at least in recent years, it seems that they’re being painted parallel to the crosswalks, and (somewhat understandably) drivers have difficulty figuring out how to stop “behind” a diagonal line.

    Railway crossings almost always have stop lines painted perpendicular to traffic lanes, but LA crosswalks do not. Why the discrepancy? Or am I just comparing CPUC apples to LADOT oranges?

  • Juan Matute

    1. Increase ridership
    2. ??????????????
    3. PROFIT!

    No public transit operator has yet to figure out Step 2.

ALSO ON STREETSBLOG

A Peek Into Metro’s Frequent Bus Network Proposal

|
Metro is currently considering some pretty big bus service changes. Basically Metro is considering a cost-neutral scheme that would eliminate multiple relatively low-performing bus lines and would add more frequent service on a core network. More details below. Overall it looks like a step in a positive direction, though the devil may be in the details. And […]

What Corridors Could Be Best for BRT? Metro’s Study Progresses

|
Back at the August 4, 2011 Metro Board meeting Los Angeles Mayor (and Metro Board member) Antonio Villariagiosa authored a motion that directed Metro undertake among other bus service improvements initiatives a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) study ” … with local jurisdictions to identify, analyze and recommend a minimum of five corridors in the County […]
STREETSBLOG USA

Ridership on the Upswing After Houston’s Bus Network Redesign

|
Editor’s Note: Los Angeles Metro is planning a  frequent bus service network re-organization similar to Houston’s. The L.A. project is now called Metro’s Strategic Bus Network Plan (SBNP.) Read about L.A.’s SBNP here and here. In August, Houston debuted its new bus network, reconfigured to increase frequent service, expand weekend hours, and improve access to jobs. The implementation was contentious at […]

Metro Not Quite Ready for First/Last Mile Funding for Purple Line Phase 2

|
Just when the Metro board was on the verge of adopting a policy to incorporate first/last mile, including bike and walk, connections into “the planning, design, and construction of all [Metro] transit projects,” Metro staff postponed including first/last mile connections to the second phase of Purple Line subway expansion. The issue before the board was Metro’s […]

Some Thoughts On Metro’s Modest New Parking Policy Proposal

|
At this Thursday’s meeting, Metro’s Board of Directors will be voting on modest changes to the way the agency manages parking. Theoretically, these changes are expected to set the stage for increased parking revenue, which has positives for walkability and livability, but the devil may be in the details. According to the staff presentation [PDF], Metro currently […]