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Congestion Pricing

San Francisco Moves Forward With Congestion-Busting Parking Reform

San
Francisco's Municipal Transportation Agency gave the go-ahead Tuesday
to curbside parking reform that will encompass a quarter of the metered
spaces in the city -- about 6,000 spots. Under the 18-month pilot,
called SFpark, the agency will vary prices for on-street parking and
city-owned lots based on demand, intending to reduce unnecessary car
trips and cut down on cruising for spaces.

The San Francisco Chronicle reports
that the target vacancy rate for curbside spaces will be between 10 and
35 percent. New technology will help monitor the results and set prices:

For example, the hourly meter cost would fluctuate between 25 centsand $6. However, during special events, such as large concerts,ballgames and street festivals, the charge could go as high as $18.Currently, meters cost $1.50 to $3 an hour, depending on theneighborhood.

The executive director would also have the authority to change theprice according to location, time of day and day of the week, based ondemand.

The city would track parking meter use with a sophisticated systemof sensors embedded in the pavement. High-tech space monitors would bedeployed in lots. The hourly rates would not be adjusted morefrequently than once a month and would not go up or down by more than50 cents at a time.

Drivers won't have to worry about having enough nickels, dimes andquarters to feed a meter. Instead, the city will install a newgeneration of meters that will allow people to pay by credit card,prepaid parking cards and, perhaps, cell phones.

When John Kaehny reported on SFpark
for Streetsblog this summer, he noted that "big city parking policies
have been based on a mixture of political pandering, myths and
half-truths." The data collected from San Francisco may go a long way
toward dispelling those assumptions.

In New York, the low price of curbside parking results in tens of millions of miles driven each year, according to calculations from Transportation Alternatives, which has urged the Bloomberg administration to take bolder steps on parking policy. For a city where even the more progressive pols grandstand on parking issues for populist cred,
shaping the debate is a big challenge. "The public has never heard a
good case as to why higher rates are beneficial," Kaehny said.

A pair of six-month DOT pilot programs in Greenwich Village
and near Kings Highway in Brooklyn could help change that, Kaehny told
us, by collecting data that will bolster the argument for raising rates.

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