California Says It Is Committed to Increasing Biking, Walking

CalSTA Deputy Secretary for Environmental Policy and Housing Kate White testifies to the CA legislature on the benefits of encouraging walking and bicycling
CalSTA Deputy Secretary for Environmental Policy and Housing Kate White testifies to the CA legislature on the benefits of encouraging walking and bicycling

CalSTA, the state agency that oversees all state transportation departments including Caltrans, is committed to improving conditions for transit, biking, and walking, according to its Deputy Secretary for Environmental Policy and Housing, Kate White.

“Thirty percent of all trips in California are less than a mile,” said White, testifying at a legislative hearing yesterday in Sacramento. “We want to make bicycling or walking the default for those short trips.”

White gave her testimony at a joint hearing of the Senate Committee on Transportation and Housing and the Assembly Committee for Environmental Quality, which was set to discuss the relationships between transportation and greenhouse gas emissions. Representatives from state agencies addressed questions about what changes need to happen for the state to reach its greenhouse gas emission reduction goals.

CalSTA, according to White, recognizes the importance of clean vehicles and clean fuels. “However,” she said, “our focus at the transportation agency is on the infrastructure and behavioral side of the coin. And that means improving transit, walking, biking, and housing to reduce vehicles miles traveled.” She highlighted three strategies the agency is focusing on:

  • High speed rail, which White called “the cornerstone of electrifying transportation in California.” California expects high speed rail to replace “dirty” air trips between the Bay Area and the L.A. region. The project also includes electrifying Caltrain, which will have the added benefit of doubling the capacity of the popular Bay Area rail service.
  • Supporting local transit for trips between five and a hundred miles long. The state transit account this year, said White, was for $1 billion, and the state generally contributes several hundred million dollars every year for local and regional transit.
  • Active transportation. The Active Transportation Program (ATP) is investing in projects to make safe, inviting walking and biking trips an alternative to driving, especially for trips that are less than a mile. “These represent over 30 percent of all trips, and many are unfortunately still made by automobile,” said White. “A mode shift to walking and biking not only reduces greenhouse gas emissions but has many co-benefits for health, and for healthier life styles for children and families,” she added.

White also touched on the California Transportation Plan 2040, which is in the midst of a 45-day public comment period. That plan analyzes three future policy scenarios for how well they contribute to greenhouse gas reductions, and only one of the three—the most aggressive—would get the state close to its goals. That scenario incorporates all the current regional transportation plans, including their Sustainable Communities Strategies, plus additional policies such as road pricing and improving transit, plus a very aggressive change in the future vehicle fleet mix to zero-emission vehicles.

Senator Anthony Cannella (R-Ceres) said, “That third scenario, frankly, terrifies me.” He described his rural district, where there is plenty of housing but not so many jobs, and said that many of his constituents must drive two-hour, one-way commutes to get to work. “How are you trying to juggle the realities of folks who live in rural areas when you come up with these very academic studies?” he asked.

Senator Anthony Cannella expresses concern about how rural areas fit into state plans to reduce greenhouse gases
Senator Anthony Cannella expresses concern about how rural areas fit into state plans to reduce greenhouse gases

“The ideas are not just academic,” replied White. “We are laying out a vision for the transformation of the transportation sector to support your constituency as well as all the constituencies in California.”

She pointed out that school trips, errands, and other trips make up the majority of trips, so while commuting is important, solutions for rural communities include being able to replace some of those short trips with walking or biking.

“But the problem in rural areas is that we don’t have sidewalks, we don’t have safe routes to schools,” said Canella. “If we have our kids walk to school, it’s on the shoulder, it’s in the dirt–it’s not very safe. But there’s been a real resistance to fund safe routes to schools.”

“It looks like this last cap-and-trade auction took in about $630 million,” he pointed out. “There should be a priority set on funding those safe routes to schools if we’re going to radically change the way that we live now.”

Several speakers at the meeting called for increasing the amount of money allocated for the ATP, under which Safe Routes to Schools programs are funded. Jeanie Ward-Waller of the Safe Routes to Schools National Partnership presented the legislators with a petition to increase ATP funding by $100 million that was put together by a coalition of groups working on creating healthy communities. The petition is still open for signatures here.

When Committee Chair Jim Beall asked how California was going to be able to change the mindset of consumers, White pointed out that California is already seeing a mode shift. According to the California statewide travel survey, between 2000 and 2010, “California saw a doubling of walking, biking, and transit trips statewide, and that was before putting in a tremendous amount of infrastructure,” she said. “I think we’re seeing a sea change in terms of the transportation demand and what modes the next generation is looking for.”

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  • Went to yesterday’s workshop in Riverside and the third scenario, the only one that achieves the goals, assumes that transit is free. That will be a sight to behold.

    There are also many things that can be done to help rural constituencies benefit from these policies and many times, they stand to gain the most. The lack of sidewalks and bikeways is definitely a problem, so it’s good to see the Senator recognizing that and asking for them. However, that should be viewed in context. These rural constituencies often punt on those improvements because “no one bikes/walks here”. Except people actually are biking/walking there in the dirt, as the Senator acknowledged. Part of the solution is for rural communities to decide if they’re going to really be rural then design all streets to low-speed shared environments or else, provide the facilities for all modes.

    More funding for the ATP would be nice, but the problem really is an extremely low bar all around. When new projects are coming online that are calling their plans a “complete street” because they striped a whopping six foot bike lane next to their six-lane arterial that’s 11 lanes wide at the intersection with the other six-lane arterial that “doesn’t need” a bikeway at all because it’s “not on the BMP”, major opportunities are being lost. What we need are some real robust standards that set a much clearer and firmer expectation of infrastructure to be provided and should only have exceptions in extreme circumstances. As in we don’t expect development here for 50 years circumstances.

  • Gocurrey

    Not just that transit is free, but that it’s twice as fast and twice as frequent! Even then, they only assume a 6% reduction in VMT. Either they’re calculations are way off (it’s a long report and I haven’t yet gotten to the end), or there are more dramatic steps that we are neglecting.

  • keenplanner

    Senator Canella’s comment was practically a non-sequitur.
    I’m so glad that Kate is where she is. Finally someone in transportation who gets it.

  • keenplanner
  • davistrain

    There’s been a website devoted to “Free Public Transit” for some time now. One challenge I’ve given to them, but have never seen a response is: “A few years ago, a survey found that of the employees of LA Metro, only about 5% used transit to get to work–and they get free passes as an employee benefit.” Then there was a list compiled by someone who DOES ride transit, enumerating the reason why most people DON’T. Note that “too expensive” doesn’t make the top ten.

    Why people don’t use transit
    Transit Dependent vs. Choice Riders

    1) Too slow

    2) Roundabout routes

    3) Unpleasant bus stops

    4) Doesn’t go near where I want to go

    5) Creep factor—winos, weirdos, hoodlums, teenage punks

    6) Doesn’t run late enough

    7) Crowded and uncomfortable

    8) Long headways—too long to wait

    9) Confusing fare/transfer systems

    10) “Loser Cruiser” image—not a “chick
    magnet”

  • SFnative74

    I agree – cost is not really that big an issue for deciding to take transit or not. People who already take transit may want it to be free, but I don’t know if making it free attracts many new transit trips.

  • June H

    Yes, indeed. Walking is free and they are still having trouble convincing people to walk a mile or less to the store. It’s a perception problem, not a cost problem. Making transit free also devalues it in people’s minds. Keep the fares.

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