National TOD Organization Offers a Hand to Los Angeles


Yesterday, the Center for Transit Oriented Development, the leading national non-profit dealing with T.O.D. issues, released a report full of recommendations for Los Angeles as the local transit system grows in the coming years.  The study looks at 71 existing and under construction station areas in Los Angeles, not the stations that will be built because of Measure R, and provides guidelines and a tool box to help insure that the future projects do a better job of integrating and supporting the existing community.

The report doesn’t go into reviewing the existing TOD projects, so if you’re hoping for another critique of the W, or a rebuttal to yesterday’s article on Streetsblog, you’re going to have to looks somewhere else.

On their welcome page, they explain some of the challenges, and opportunities, presented for TOD planners in Los Angeles:

Developing around stations is not the only way to build a more
transit-supportive city. Los Angeles is already dense, but many
communities lack the neighborhood-serving businesses, high quality
public space and parks, and the walkable and bikeable streets that
support living locally as well as increased transit use. Some parts of
the city are dense, walkable and bikeable, but need more investment in
transit. Most communities will require a combination of development,
infrastructure investment, and transit improvements.

This brief overview already shows an analysis beyond the typical boilerplate.  Too many people think of Los Angeles as a giant "suburban city" or an example of sprawl in action.  While Los Angeles may not have the size or number of highrises as the other major metropolitan cities in America, it does have the density to support both a robust transit system and thriving TOD system. 

The tools that the Center offers to those interested in examining the areas around Metro stations is impressive.  Geographic, employment, transportation usage patterns, affordable housing, all at your fingertips.  I’m sure there are plenty of planners that will have hours of fun playing with the maps and graphs offered.

But more important than the tools are the findings.  After a year of studying the development patterns and transit planning in Los Angeles, what does the Center see for Los Angeles?  In short, the news is good and bad.  The good news is that Los Angeles is expanding its transit system more quickly than any city save Denver, and that the communities surrounding the transit stops tend to be the least auto-dependent in Los Angeles.  The bad news?  For the most part there isn’t a lot of land available for development around stations leading to limited opportunities.

You can read a full copy of the report on the CTOD website, here.

  • One thing that really struck me in the report was that only 22.5% of employment in Los Angeles (city?/county?) was within a half mile of “transit” (which must exclude bus transit if that’s going to make any sense) (p. 10 of the ex. sum.). The higher that is, the more useful transit will be.

    The density is high in a lot of places in the city of LA but it’s not high everywhere, especially when you look at parts of LA County and the greater LA region. The “LA is dense” thing comes from looking at the average density of the entire region, but it’s really the density along specific corridors that is more important. You really have to drive around to see this easily (because the transit in the places I’m talking about sucks on frequency). Go to places like most of Orange County and Lancaster/Palmdale. They’re not overflowing with transit supporting density, yet they are integral parts of the region.

    It’s a good link though, and it’s important to remember that housing affordability must factor in the cost of transportation.


Transit-Oriented Development and Communities of Color: A Field Report

(This article first appeared in Progressive Planner, the official magazine of the Planner’s Network and is reprinted with the author’s permission.  Gen Fujioka is the senior policy advocate with the National Coalition for Asian Pacific American Community Development. This article was written in collaboration with the Urban Communities of Color Caucus which seeks to advance […]