What Can Los Angeles Expect for the Rights to Its Meters?

4_16_09_Shoup.jpgDonald Shoup doesn’t think the city is going to get a lot for its parking. Find out why after the jump.

For the politicians looking to close a loophole in the
city’s budget through privatizing street parking, the biggest question is going
to be “how much money can the city get” for leasing enforcement and collection
of paid street parking.

Reporting from this week’s City Council hearing, Joe Linton
writes, “The city is facing a $35M deficit in the current fiscal year. 
The deficit projected for next fiscal year was projected at $433M (out of a $7B
budget), but that forecast is being revised to about $530M.”  If Chicago got
$1.16 billion for leasing control of its 36,000 meters, Los Angeles should be able to get at least
that much for it’s 43,000 metered spaces, right?

Not necessarily. 
First, given the backlash that the city experienced for just raising the
hourly rate for many meters, can we really expect the Council to either let the
investor decide the new rates or agree to a series of rate increases that would
place L.A.’s parking rates at the top of the country’s?

Even if the City Council does move forward with a plan that
would drastically raise the cost of street parking, UCLA Traffic Professor
Donald Shoup raises another question about how much money the city can really
expect to get in a privatization deal because of a state law that requires.  In an e-mail, the parking guru writes:

I suspect that LA will
have a hard time finding bidders for a parking meter
concession because so many drivers with disabled placards now park free at
meters.  Section 22511.5 of the California
Vehicle Code states, “A disabled person or disabled veteran is allowed to park
in any metered parking space without being required to
pay parking meter fees.” If disabled placard (DP) holders
can park free for an unlimited time at meters, I suspect that few investors
will want to bid for the meter revenues.  In a casual walking-around
survey in downtown, it looked like about half of all the metered spaces were
occupied by cars with disabled placards. 

If a concessionaire tries to increase the meter rates, the results will
probably be disappointing. Increasing the meter rates will increase the
incentive to abuse placards and will also reduce the willingness of those
without placards to pay for parking at the curb. The
result may be that DP parkers (many of them fraudulent) will use all the curb
spaces, and almost no one will pay for parking. The
increased incentive to abuse placards may even reduce curb parking
availability for genuinely disabled drivers. Bad placards will drive out
genuine placards.

It will be interesting to see how much
investors will bid for a Los Angeles
parking meter concession.  The first thing investors
ought to ask is what is the current parking meter revenue
as a percentage of potential revenue if the all the metered spaces were
occupied and the drivers paid the meters.  I suspect that the ratio of
current revenue/potential revenue is probably quite low.

Just to place this discussion into perspective, assuming the
city doesn’t reduce the FY 2011 deficit of $530 million, if the we very well
could be looking at not even getting three years of a balanced budget off of a
sale, and in fact could very well not even make it until July of 2011.


Professor Donald Shoup: How About Congestion Parking?

If you want to reduce congestion, you should first increase the cost of public parking, argued UCLA Professor, and Parking Policy Cult Hero, Donald Shoup at the recent "It’s Time to Get LA Moving" conference. Shoup discussed studies done at UCLA showing that a drivers choosing to sniff out a cheap parking space rather than pay […]