First Round of Great Streets Improvements Continue on Cesar Chavez; City Says Community Engagement on Horizon

The intersections slated for improvements are St. Louis, Chicago (south), Breed, Soto (in limited fashion), Mathews (just the crosswalks), and Fickett (south). Click to enlarge. Source: Great Streets
The intersections slated for the first round of improvements along Cesar Chavez include St. Louis, Chicago (south), Breed, Soto (in limited fashion), Mathews (just the crosswalks), and Fickett (south). Click to enlarge. Source: Great Streets

Tracking the Great Streets program as it has begun to unfold around town has, at times, been a bit of an exercise in frustration. Which never fails to strike me as odd, given Mayor Eric Garcetti’s declaration that the transformation of the 15 chosen streets into gathering places would happen via a “bottom-up and community-based process” in which the city “[worked] with neighborhood stakeholders to develop a vision for each corridor.”

But the incredibly robust public engagement process seen in Mar Vista — one in which the district’s very enthusiastic City Councilmember Mike Bonin used the plans as an opportunity to engage his constituents about how Venice Blvd. could be re-imagined, the neighborhood council created a Great Streets ad hoc committee, and community members were asked their opinion on a variety of potential improvements — has yet to be replicated elsewhere. [See the kinds of options offered to Mar Vista residents on everything from bikeways to crosswalks to bus amenities to street furniture to events/programming, below.]

Instead, the experience in other districts has been decidedly more uneven.

Along Central Avenue (South L.A.), there was practically no outreach early on; when outreach did finally get underway, it was to let folks know what had already been decided upon for their street, not to solicit their ideas on the options for how to transform the area.

The selection of N. Figueroa (Highland Park) as a Great Street seemed to give Councilmember Gil Cedillo the opening he was looking for to re-route the bike lane planned for the corridor, regardless of what some in the community wanted (and possibly inspiring Councilmember Curren Price to do the same for the bike lane planned for Central Ave.)

And along Cesar Chavez Ave. in Boyle Heights, curb extensions were first striped at St. Louis in early June — well before the neighborhood council was approached about what was happening in their neighborhood.

The wider community was also only introduced to the plans during a few outreach sessions — one on the corner where installation of the bulb-outs had already begun in late June and at a couple of open houses held in mid-August, long after installation was complete and work was already underway at another intersection on the street.

A planter, some paint, and plastic bollards create curb extensions at Cesar Chavez and St. Louis. Sahra Sulaiman/Streetsblog L.A.
A planter, some paint, and plastic bollards create curb extensions at Cesar Chavez and St. Louis. Sahra Sulaiman/Streetsblog L.A.

When asked about the discrepancy in the processes, the mayor’s office responded via email that, “The work on Cesar Chavez was focused on pedestrian safety improvements and was accomplished through a partnership between LADOT [the L.A. Department of Transportation], Councilmember Huizar, and the Great Streets Studio. These kinds of basic improvements, similar to filling a pothole or fixing a sidewalk, may be made on a Great Street segment separately from the visioning process with the community.”

Los Angeles County Bicycle Coalition Executive Director Tamika Butler speaks on Los Angeles' new Vision Zero policy at today's signing ceremony in Boyle Heights. Photo: Joe Linton/Streetsblog L.A.
The improvements at the intersection of Cesar Chavez and St. Louis provided the backdrop for the signing of the mayor’s directive on Vision Zero — the effort to reduce traffic deaths to zero by 2025. Photo by Joe Linton/Streetsblog L.A.

The launch of Vision Zero (the directive to reduce traffic deaths to zero by the year 2025), the email continued, provided an opportunity to “quickly design and deliver a series of improvements” along the street in the vein of the original Cesar Chavez Streetscape Project in about three months’ time.

That streetscape project, first conceived in 2008, was intended to offer a comprehensive transformation for the corridor via the repair of broken sidewalks, enhanced pedestrian facilities (including curb extensions, crosswalks, street furniture, and pedestrian lighting), improved transit facilities (i.e. bus stop lighting), improved connections between Cesar Chavez and key points in the community (the Gold Line, schools, and shopping/dining), new trees, better stormwater management, better landscaping, historic signage, and the undergrounding of utility lines.

Those improvements (including the curb extensions, below) and others that were part of the Adelante Eastside Redevelopment Project (i.e. façade improvements, affordable housing projects) were put on hold, thanks to the dissolution of the CRA in 2012, and the money for the street improvements was divided up among several City departments.

The kinds of curb extensions Fuscoe Engineering had originally designed for Cesar Chavez in 2009. Source: Fuscoe Engineering, Inc.
The kinds of curb extensions Fuscoe Engineering had originally designed for Cesar Chavez in 2009. These plans apparently also incorporated several stormwater best management practices, including the use of permeable sidewalk pavers, subdrain systems, gravel stormwater reservoirs, and infiltration planters within the parkway areas. Source: Fuscoe Engineering, Inc.

LADOT now serves as the lead agency on Cesar Chavez, and looks to begin implementing $5.6 million worth of sidewalk improvements in 2017, when Metro should begin to disburse its share of the funds for the project.

To facilitate that process, the City plans to do design and outreach (and possibly construction) around the project before 2017, using its local match funds to get started. That project will also extend beyond the boundaries of the Great Streets segment of the avenue, meaning that, from Warren (just west of White Memorial) to Lorena, Cesar Chavez will see fixed sidewalks, bus stop lighting, crosswalk improvements, curb ramps, benches, trash cans, and new trees.

All of which is fantastic to hear — residents and shop owners in this lower-income and heavily pedestrian-, bike-, and transit-dependent community have long been asking for their sidewalks to be fixed and their streets to be safer. These are certainly complaints I’ve been hearing for years.

But it did leave me with questions about what Great Streets’ own plans for Cesar Chavez were, independent of these other improvements that have long been on the table. Will there be, for example, a real investment in redesigning the intersection at Soto? The changes along Cesar Chavez and the speed with which they have been designed and implemented were linked to Vision Zero — a safety-specific policy. Yet the most problematic intersection — and most important, with regard to transit and connectivity — is receiving the least in upgrades. And it isn’t clear where the plans for the street fit into the Mobility Plan’s plans for the street, which mark it for peak-hour bus-only lanes (which tend to run curbside and would thus run into the curb extensions) and a bike lane or shared bus/bike lane.

I also wondered how the haphazardness of the engagement process in communities like Boyle Heights would help the city “[lay] the foundation for a long-term funding, design development, management, and implementation strategy to install improvements and recommend policy that activates the public realm and stimulates economic revitalization” or advance some of its broader goals, including increased economic activity, enhanced neighborhood character, or the fostering of greater community engagement.

Enhanced safety is a great start, but it isn’t enough to bolster economic growth or neighborhood transformation on its own. And, thus far, there’s been little engagement of business owners along what is the community’s most prominent commercial corridor, either about the coming changes or their aspirations for what shows up outside their doors. And there has been even less engagement with community members about how treatments to this unique corridor — either temporary or permanent — might be more reflective of the culture and character of a historic community.

The timeline for the rollout of the Great Streets Initiative on Cesar Chavez. Click to enlarge. Source: Great Streets
The timeline for the rollout of the Great Streets Initiative on Cesar Chavez. Click to enlarge. Source: Great Streets

In their response, the mayor’s office said that they planned on embarking on a visioning process in coordination with the Council Office and Multicultural Communities for Mobility — winners of the challenge grant for Cesar Chavez — with stakeholders to update plans for the avenue. That should happen later this year into next, although no definitive timeline has been set yet (at right).

For now, however, Great Streets’ focus seems to be on using Cesar Chavez as a testing ground for how a data-driven approach to implementing Vision Zero might work.

Cesar Chavez has long been treacherous for pedestrians. Under Vision Zero, LADOT plans to conduct studies to track the impact of the improvements on the behavior of pedestrians, cyclists, buses, and private vehicles along the corridor. So, once all of the improvements are completed, data will be gathered from the intersections and analyzed to assess the value of the changes.

The intersections slated for the first round of improvements include St. Louis, Chicago (south side), Breed, Soto (limited tightening of the intersection at two corners), Mathews (just the crosswalks), and Fickett (south side) [See figure at top of article].

To make the pedestrian zones truly pedestrian-friendly (i.e. improving visibility at crosswalks), Great Streets estimates it will need to remove between eight and ten parking spaces between Cummings and Soto and says it will add wayfinding signage to direct people to the parking lots off Breed and Chicago Streets (below, at left).

Some parking will need to be removed at intersections to make the crossings safer for pedestrians. Source: Great Streets
Some parking will need to be removed at intersections to make the crossings safer for pedestrians. Source: Great Streets

Once the data has been gathered and assessed from these sites, the next round of improvements will go in between Soto and Evergreen.

For those that are not fans of the red paint, the white bollards, or the planters, the city wants you to know that those will be converted into permanent curb extensions using actual cement when the rest of the sidewalk improvements go in (2017). The goal now, the city explains, “was to achieve the immediate safety benefits on a very accelerated timeline” and in a cost-effective way, as well as to be able to assess the functionality of the improvements and make any necessary adjustments before they were made permanent.

I do hope that in the effort to assess the data, the city goes beyond some of the data points it is currently looking at to assess the value of its improvements. Below, the number of pedestrians, the number of cyclists, and bus ridership are described as a few of the data points they call out as important. But, given that Boyle Heights is a lower-income community with lower car ownership and greater dependency on transit, walking, and biking, those numbers are unlikely to offer much in the way of insight. Adapting data surveys to the realities of the neighborhood, including using more qualitative queries to capture shifts in perceptions of safety and comfort on the streets, might be a better way to get a fuller picture of the impact of the changes.

It is not clear yet what data will be used to assess the impact of the improvements on some of the broader goals of the Great Streets program.

Some of the data Great Streets seeks to compile, including changes in the number of pedestrians and cyclists or in transit use. Source: Great Streets
Some of the data Great Streets seeks to compile, including changes in the number of pedestrians and cyclists or in transit use. Source: Great Streets

As of now, no dates have been set for community engagement around the changes along Cesar Chavez. If you’d like to offer up feedback or ask questions regarding the improvements along the avenue, please leave them in the comments below or contact Great Streets via their facebook page, tumblr, or twitter. See the full images of the blue Great Streets boards (posted throughout this article) at their tumblr post, here.

  • Alex Brideau III

    “And even Google Maps appears to be aware of the pedestrian issues along Cesar Chavez, advising you to find much longer alternate routes if you want to walk from Warren to Lorena (in grey, at left).”

    I believe you’re misinterpreting this graphic. My understanding is that Google Maps provides the primary route in blue dots, with at least one or two alternate walking routes in grey. The graphic you posted seems to indicate that César E. Chavez is the suggested route, while the other two routes will work as backup options.

  • Dennis_Hindman

    At 38:15 in this video below of the presentation about the LADOT strategic plan for Great Streets, general manager Seleta Reynolds stated:

    “Venice, the whole idea was to show up with absolutely no agenda. 100% open to listening.”

    But then on Central ave:

    “The council office had a directive–this is a community that has been visioned to death. Come and tell them what we are going to do and then do it.”

  • LAifer

    You’re correct. The author of this post must do a lot of unnecessary walking if they think that Google Maps recommends the grey-shaded routes over the blue-dotted route.

  • sahra

    Thanks, I’ve heard that as well. But on Central, for example, while many of the usual suspects have been “visioned” and “re-visioned” over and over again, the needs of others (particularly the lower-income Latino community) were left out. And no one was really advised of the design or asked to even vote on options — not even the BID that is working to inject some new life into that section of the avenue. What Seleta is referring to is a meeting a year and a half ago where the city came in to talk to the community about the bike lane and got shouted at. I talked about that in my story on how the Central Ave Great Streets program unfolded and why the city’s reaction — to decide further engagement was a lost cause — was so problematic.

  • sahra

    I think you’re right — I’ll edit that out. I was just amused at how the map

    went around Evergreen cemetery to the north — the most walkable stretch of the corridor given that it has its own jogging path.

  • Dennis_Hindman

    Its a rare case where there is a significant number of community members in Los Angeles who would want bike lanes if it involves removing space from motor vehicles. There is just too few bicycle riders for most people to see much positive benefit in having bike lanes.

    Councilmember Mitch Englander told me point blank at the grand opening of the great streets on Reseda Blvd that no through lane could be removed from Reseda Blvd. Luckily the great streets section of Reseda Blvd has lots of off-street parking that enabled some on-street parking to be removed to install the protected bike lanes without negatively affecting businesses. He was wiling to try protected bike lanes on that street knowing that he might get a lot of complaints which I pointed out to him would probably happen.

    Councilmember Bonin is a big supporter of walking, transit and bicycling. At the beginning of every City Council Transportation Committee meeting he asks, by a show of hands, how many attendees walked, bicycled or used transit in the last week. He was willing to try out having protected bike lanes on Venice Blvd knowing that it would be created by temporary materials that could be removed.

    I believe that Seleta Reynolds is right in stating that Los Angeles needs pilot projects to give examples of how plazas or protected lanes work in Los Angeles. Whichever councilmember is willing to try protected bike lanes, plazas, etc is whom she wants to work with. If these show success, then other councilmembers would probably want to participate. An example of that is CicLAvia.

    I asked a CicLAvia boardmember at the start of the valley CicLAvia event how is it that they are able to have these events in so many locations. He stated that the councilmembers ask to have them in their districts. That almost certainly happened due to seeing the how wildly successful these events are. To get more political will for bicycling there needs to be a greater portion of the population that bicycle. That’s a dilemma in that there is very few places to ride a bicycle in a low-stress environment if there are few people who ride. CicLAvia events and bicycle sharing help to create greater political will for bicycling infrastructure. In fact, councilmember Jose Huizer has stated that CicLAvia has been the biggest impact in creating political will for supporting bicycling.

  • sahra

    A great problem lies in the way outreach around bike infrastructure is approached, too, particularly in lower-income communities. When the city comes in and talks about that single issue, of course they’re going to get pushback in an area where you have multiple barriers to mobility. Even if bike infrastructure can’t be tied to pedestrian improvements or other interventions outright, approaching a community in a more comprehensive way and more regularly (not just once every 5 years), as well as reaching beyond the usual suspects, will yield a better outcome.

  • Dennis_Hindman

    One of the agenda items on the upcoming Angeles City Council Transportation Committee on 9/9/2015 will be for funding three CicLAvia events for this fiscal year. The first event will be this October in downtown LA, then in March 2016 a route in Van Nuys/Pacoima and the third event will take place in southeast cities (including Huntington Park) and a portion of Watts on May 15th.

  • Marcotico

    One of the things this post highlights is the fundamental role that political leadership plays in all planning. When you attend any planning conference all of the successful case studies combine political leadership with an engaged “base” of supporters. Listen to Jeanette Sadik-Kahn speak and none of the NEw York projects would have happened without Bloomberg. If that leadership is focused elsewhere, uninterested, or downright hostile, then all the base of support in the world won’t achieve results, until the political leader is replaced. The tools and techniques of proper engagement are only effective if political leadership pushes for them. This makes me sad, but is a reality that advocates have to adjust to and work with. You can always import a tool or technique, but the political support has to be there.

  • sahra

    Yes, but that doesn’t really address the issue I raise. The communities I cover are ones where biking is often a necessity, not a choice. But those folks are the ones that are least likely to be engaged. Bringing them into the conversation is really important… right now, along Central, we have the case of the most heavily-trafficked street by cyclists in all of South LA and a councilman (and a mayor’s office, frankly) who has come to the conclusion that their needs are of little consequence because a few business owners don’t like the idea of a bike lane. Data capturing actual need/ridership/street use, engagement of those on the margins and the capturing of their trip patterns (which are different from those of riders of choice), the mapping of the crashes, and engagement of the small business owners whose customers do bike, are just a few of the steps that should have been taken just to begin to get at the question of what needs on the street might be and what kind of infrastructure might serve them best.


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