The Changing Face of Downtown for Cyclists

The Spring Street Green Buffered Bike Lane gets all the press (good and bad) but it's companion buffered bike lane on Main is just as important. Photo taken at 9th and Main.

In 2011, the City of Los Angeles passed a new Bike Plan which included a  “5 year bike network implementation plan.” The implementation plan focued on a handful of “core” areas to focus the bulk of the new bike facilities. One of those areas is Downtown Los Angeles. A year and a half later, checks in on how Downtown Los Angeles has changed in the past year and a half and what is in store in the coming years.

To see the full Downtown Bikeways map, provided by LADOT, click on the image.

Much of the development downtown can be contributed to local volunteers and advocates who pushed for the improvement of their streets. Valerie Watson, a member of the board of directors for the Downtown LA Neighborhood Council (DLANC), has been involved with a number of local neighborhood initiatives to improve the quality of the streets downtown.

“There’s so many amazing talented design professionals that work downtown or live downtown. I thought about a year ago one thing we would do is get all these people together and come up with ideas on what we might want to do to tackle the perception of streets downtown as places for people, not freeways,” she said in an interview. The downtown bike network initiative was one such project.

Watson detailed how the DLANC invited Los Angeles Department of Transportation (LADOT) to come to a meeting and speak about developments in local neighborhoods, also giving them a chance to be involved in these decisions. Once the DLANC saw what LADOT had in mind, they began to offer their help with the projects.

“We wanted to give them more honest feedback from a resident’s perspective, from a business owner’s perspective,” she said. “We really tried to capture all the needs that we were hearing from people.”

In order to ensure residents and business owners had their say, Watson worked together with LADOT and the Los Angeles County Bike Coalition (LACBC) to gather feedback and support from local communities. She created a flyer explaining the coming changes and immediately reached out to the LACBC and LADOT to get the word out. The groups when door to door along Spring Street, making sure residents understood what changes were coming. Based on that, the groups compiled questions and got answers from LADOT, creating a second FAQ flyer for the neighborhoods.

“There’s a lot of resistance to change in general, and people kind of react when they don’t feel like they’ve been engaged and involved in this decision making,” said Eric Bruins, Planning and Policy Director for the LACBC.

“It was my intention that it wouldn’t be like other neighborhoods in L.A., where things turned sour,” explained Watson. “Those people have a right to be concerned, they have a right to understand what’s coming to the neighborhood. I just don’t think the city is equipped, with this current economic climate, to go out there and do this kind of outreach. I think [our efforts] made all the difference. We addressed all those concerns before [the bike lane] went in.”

The Spring Street Green Buffered Bike Lane

And so the Spring Street Green Buffered Bike Lane was painted. Ridership increased on the street by 52% overall, with a 250% increase of cyclists on the weekends, and a 161% increase in female ridership, according to the LACBC 2011 City of Los Angeles Bicycle and Pedestrian Count Report. While explicit feedback has been sparse, Bruins has characterized the overall response as positive.

“It’s amazing how quiet it is after these sorts of projects go in,” he said.” “[People think] ‘This is a transformation here, it’s gonna make everything awesome,’ and then you just don’t hear anything because it just becomes the new normal.”

So far, the City of Los Angeles has built new bike lanes along Main Street and Spring Street, as well as parts of 1st and 7th Streets. The plan for the next 6 months is to install new lanes down Grand Avenue and Olive Street. These new lanes are meant to join with lane expansions along Venice Avenue and 7th Street, which, along with 2nd Street, parts of Figueroa, and Cesar Chavez Avenue, are slated for the next 7 to 12 months. Finally, in the next year and beyond, expect to see the continuation of the bike lanes on Figueroa, as well Flower Street and 11th Street.

“We have to be prepared, because I think there is a greater potential for backlash. We’re already starting to see it a little bit,” said Bruins, speaking about future bike lanes. With heavy traffic on streets such as Venice and 7th. “It’s important to have bike facilities because it means more options when others are restricted, but it also means every inch of pavement is contested as well.”

In order to confront such opposition, the LACBC has created a neighborhood bike ambassador program, a grass roots network of cyclists who explain the projects and their importance.

“Cyclists need to start presenting themselves to non-cyclists and working together on helping us move forward with bike infrastructure in the city,” said Bruins.

“This story of the downtown bike network is a story that can be a model for other neighborhoods,” said Watson. “We’re inspiring LADOT to do a little bit more. I hope it sticks and I think it will. I think they see now what you can do when you get into the fine grain of a neighborhood.”

The 7th Street Bike Lanes. Photo:## Bike Blog.##

In order to see the bike lanes in action, I walked the bike lane network earlier this month with Damien Newton, along Main Street and Spring Street. While we didn’t see many cyclists using the bike lanes in the intense summer heat, many cyclists were enthusiastic about the bike lane network expansions.

Manny Sosa, bike mechanic at El Maestro Bicycle Shop on Main Street, has seen a definite increase in business over the past couple of months. “We have more bike traffic now, and we just got the lane on Main, right in front of the shop,” he said, speaking to the increase in business and riders. “I actually feel safer, we have a space to ride now, and I think cars respect that,” he said.

Jeffrey, a downtown cyclist for over a year, however, said he still didn’t feel entirely safe in the new lanes, especially where cars frequently turn and cut into the bike lane. “I ride in the bike lane most of the time, but if somebody’s cutting in front of me, you know, I have to get into the car’s lane to avoid them.”

Finally, we talked to Rodney Masjedi, the owner of DTLA Bikes on Broadway. “A big reason why people tell me they don’t want to ride is because they’re scared, you know, coming back in traffic. They want to beat the rush hour, but if there’s no bike lanes, it makes it kind of hectic to weave in and out of cars.”

“[The new lanes are] Awesome. Legislation for getting more bike friendly can help everyone riding their bikes feel safer in LA,” he said.

In the future, advocates like the DLANC and LACBC are pushing to further expand LA’s offerings to bicyclists.

“Hopefully we can get to a point where people don’t have to think about bike infrastructure because it’s just assumed that it’s there and it works,” said Bruin.

Do you have any stories about riding downtown or reactions to the bike network? Feel free to let us know in the comments section.

  • morgan

    I’m glad the lanes are going in, but I also don’t feel safe riding in downtown yet. Having last lived in Boston where I got back into commuting by bike after years of just mountain biking, I thought those drivers were bad (and they are, but in a more random way). But there’s an aggression here that puts me off and just makes me too nervous. I’d love to do errands around downtown (i live there) by bike, but I just don’t feel safe. We need more of the east/west streets (like 5th) to get lanes as well to tie the network together.

    I know this is counter to what I just wrote, but I also think they need to pass and enforce laws about riding bikes on sidewalks. It’s dangerous to pedestrians and riders alike and if bikes are to be treated like cars, they need to act like it. It just seems wrong to me, so I don’t do it.

  • statsdude

    I changed my commute pattern to the downtown bike lanes after five+ years of bike commuting. They significantly reduced my stress level in dealing with automobile and bus traffic. I have heard stories (one firsthand) of drivers using the bike lane as a passing lane, but with something this new, it is a matter of education and enforcement, but have not seen it. Hopefully, as drivers become used to the presence of bike lanes, they will respect them more.

    I can’t wait to see these all over L.A., not just in downtown. While I am comfortable going into the travel lanes, others may not be, and having a dedicated bike lane will allow them to ride to more destinations.

  • Scott

    The green buffered lanes on Spring are just fantastic (though I would like to contact Metro and ask them to remind bus drivers that the lane to the RIGHT of the green is where the bus stop is, not in the middle of the  green…).  Just having a protected lane is nice enough, but the buffer is really important when it comes to being able to maneuver to avoid the aforementioned buses, cars looking for parking, people exiting their parked cars wuithout looking, and the other myriad obstacles that pop up in the bike lane.  It’s really well designed and makes that stretch of Spring just much more pleasant.

  • Joe

    Bike lanes are great and all, but they don’t make any difference if drivers treat them like another car traffic lane. Last time I rode Spring street, cars were stacked up in a heavy traffic jam in both the mixed use and the bike lane. Cops at intersections were directing traffic, but weren’t doing anything about cars in the bike lane.

  • Ubrayj02

    In LA, sidewalk riding is a judgement call by the ticketing officer. Adult bicycle education would go a long way to stopping numerous deaths and injuries every year. We’ll need to find the millions to pour into that.

    If you don’t feel safe riding in DTLA, you ought to try joining up with some group rides around town. Those helped me get a feel for street riding with the buffer of a big group around me.

    For me, riding in DTLA is way more peaceful than my average ride in Lincoln Heights/ Highland Park. You have it so good there (relatively speaking).

    There is still a long way to go, but things are getting better little by little.

  • Morgans Junk Inbox1

    It’s great to have the downtown bike lanes, and east-west lanes will help too. Unfortunately the spring street bike lane has an incredibly bad road surface that is substandard compared to the car lanes beside it. It’s safer to be in the traffic lanes than on that pot holed mess.

  • Chaschablock

    The bike lanes are wonderful and cheers to the people who made them happen but until the majority of people stop riding carelessly on sidewalks, we have nothing. Regardless of feeling unsafe in the street, these cyclists are making it unsafe for pedestrians. For every person in the bike lane I see 50+ on the sidewalks. No kidding.

    Also, where are the bike racks on 7th or anywhere West of Spring, really? Plenty of restaurants and cycling commuters in the financial district who don’t want to put their bikes on a chair railing.

  • Daniel Jacobson

    As a new DTLA resident on Spring Street, I’d say the Spring/Main bike lanes are great, but it’s the surrounding connectivity that hinders ridership growth.  To bike the 8 blocks to Ralphs, I have to ride a painful few blocks in speeding traffic on 8th/Hope/9th–not an attractive option for most people.  Spring/Main is just a baby step toward a network that needs more crosstown and north-south connectivity (to USC, etc.) to maximize full ridership potential..

  • morgan

    Agreed about the sidewalk thing (see my comment below). Just yesterday I was nearly run over while walking by the Domino’s Pizza delivery guy. It’s a true hazard to pedestrians (and the riders). But getting all these people off the sidewalk and onto the street would go a long way to making biking more accepted here.

  • morgan

    Totally agree. For people like us who live downtown and want to get around downtown via bike, the routes so far aren’t conducive to actually getting to places we need to go. The routes seem to want people to pass through downtown, rather than get around downtown.