NELA’s Outsized New Riverside-Figueroa Bridge Speeds Car Traffic

Northeast Los Angeles' new Riverside Drive Bridge includes a protected bike-walk path. Photos by Joe Linton/Streetsblog L.A.
Northeast Los Angeles' new Riverside Drive Bridge includes a protected bike-walk path. Photos by Joe Linton/Streetsblog L.A.

On Monday, the city of Los Angeles celebrated the opening of the new Riverside Drive Bridge connecting the neighborhoods of Elysian Valley and Cypress Park. The $60 million bridge spans the Los Angeles River and replaces a historic 1920s-1930s bridge that was demolished to make way for the new structure. The new bridge is now open for walking, bicycling and driving, while final small construction tasks are finished.

At Monday’s opening ceremony, Mayor Eric Garcetti, Councilmember Gil Cedillo, LADOT General Manager Seleta Reynolds and others praised the new bridge’s features. It is the first Los Angeles bridge to include a protected bikeway: a 2-way bike path, with parallel walkway. The bikeway extends the existing 8.3-mile L.A. River bike path an additional one-third of a mile. The bridge touches touches down on L.A. City’s first two-lane roundabout.

Mayor Garcetti celebrating the new Riverside Drive Bridge
Mayor Garcetti celebrating the new Riverside Drive Bridge

Speakers emphasized that the new protected bike/walkway will benefit safety, because it separates bicyclists and pedestrians from car traffic.

Unfortunately, I know the project is not really about safety. It is about car capacity. The city tore out a historic landmark bridge, in order to widen and straighten so that more cars can go across faster. The old Riverside Drive bridge was essentially L-shaped; it consisted of two bridges: a sidehill bridge along the river and a span across the river. The L-shape and the overall scale acted to calm traffic somewhat. The new curved bridge is, like a freeway, designed for cars to move faster.

That slow-moving two-car-lane neighborhood-scale bridge was re-made into an over-sized freeway-scale four-car-lane-width bridge.

I fought this project for years, as a cyclist and river advocate. I describe the new bridge as “wider straighter faster deadlier.” The traffic predictions (a flawed pro-car pseudo-science) did not warrant road widening. A single-lane roundabout would have been safer, more pedestrian-friendly, and sufficient for car traffic volumes. The city traffic engineers kept the roundabout idea, but unnecessarily inappropriately scaled it up to two lanes. The city bridge builders, faced with a three-part bridge worth triple the rehabilitation funding than ordinary bridges, refused to scale back the excesses and dangers of their planned bridge replacement project.

The city’s early designs called for the bike path to go under the new bridge and cross the river on a separate bike-ped bridge just downstream from the new bridge. River and bicycle advocates were concerned that this would create an out-of-the-way gauntlet, a security risk, an area likely to be colonized by the homeless. With a fair amount of public pressure, and some leadership from then-Councilmember Ed Reyes (whom I worked for from 2002 to 2004), the city’s engineers reluctantly agreed to the final design that placed the protected bikeway on the bridge.

The protracted struggle for an appropriately-scaled Riverside Drive Bridge was among the most frustrating of my activist career. Even with a pro-bike, pro-river-revitalization councilmember, the city’s technical “experts” forced in auto-centric infrastructure, further degrading an already car-infested area. It is not just any average area. This location, the confluence of the L.A. River and the Arroyo Seco, is where L.A. started. It is described in the earliest written account of the Los Angeles area. Here is that description, taken from Blake Gumprecht’s The Los Angeles River: Its Life, Death, and Possible Re-Birth:

[The 1768 Portola Expedition] entered “a very lush green valley,” [diarist Father Juan] Crespi wrote, where they found the [Los Angeles] river … It was a “good-sized, full flowing river,” about seven yards wide , he estimated, “with very good water, pure and fresh.” … Just upstream from the point where they first saw the river, the explorers noticed another stream that emptied into its channel, but its large bed was dry on that late summer day. This stream we now know as the Arroyo Seco. “The beds of both are very well-lined with large trees, sycamores, willows, cottonwoods, and very large live oaks,” Crespi wrote. … He noted the presence beside its channel of great thickets of brambles, abundant native grapevines, and wild roses in full bloom. Sage was plentiful near the river, and the calls of turtle doves, quail, and thrushes filled the air near the camp. It was “a very lush and pleasing spot, in every respect,” he wrote. “To (the) southward there is a great extent of soil, all very green, so that it can really be said to be a most beautiful garden.”

The discouraging struggle over the Riverside-Figueroa Bridge gave me the realization that too often the push for livability in Los Angeles takes years, and results in frustrating, inadequate, half-a-loaf compromises.

I lost this battle a decade ago. Later other folks pushed, and even filed a lawsuit to preserve the historic bridge. All of this faced stubborn intransigence on city engineers’ behalf.

Visiting the bridge this week, I acknowledge that this project will help the city connect the L.A. River bike path to the Arroyo Seco and into downtown Los Angeles (more on that below). I see that river, bike, and walk efforts have gained momentum in the past decade and the city of Los Angeles is now in a somewhat better place regarding accommodating active transportation and respecting its river. Yet, I still have a bad taste in my mouth over my past frustrations with this crappy bridge.

Below is a photo tour of the new Riverside Drive Bridge. Note that this is one of at least four Riverside Drive bridges in the city, so it is often called the Riverside-Figueroa Bridge, as it is where Riverside Drive becomes North Figueroa Street.

The bridge is located near the intersection of the 5 and 110 Freeways.

Panorama view of the new Riverside-Figueroa Bridge from Avenue 19
Panorama view of the new Riverside-Figueroa Bridge. Avenue 19 is in the foreground. The 5 Freeway is on the right. The hills of Elysian Park are in the background.
A closer look a the Riverside-Figueroa Bridge, from Avenue 19. The bridge features several belvederes - viewing areas that stick out over the river.
A closer look a the Riverside-Figueroa Bridge, from Avenue 19. The bridge features several belvederes – viewing areas that stick out over the river. The arches of the old sidehill bridge are visible behind the new bridge.
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This is the Elysian Valley end of the Riverside-Figueroa Bridge. The bridge bike path continues the L.A. River bike path downstream under the 5 Freeway. On the left is the L.A. River, on the right is Riverside Drive and Elysian Park.
The bike path splits to get around the 5-Freeway Bridge pillars.
The bike path splits to get past the 5-Freeway Bridge pillars
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The separated bikeway on the Cypress Park end of the Riverside Drive Bridge
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On the Cypress Park side of the Riverside Drive Bridge, at the intersection of Riverside, San Fernando Road, and North Figueroa Street, is a two-lane roundabout.
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The public art in the roundabout is a group of egg-shaped sculptures showing faces which appear to follow cyclists, pedestrians, and drivers as they circle. The artists go by Greenmeme Studio.
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The material cut from the sculptures in the center is used to ring the center of the roundabout, creating additional faces.
RivFigpathtoAve19
The bike-walk path continues one additional block along San Fernando Road to Avenue 19. Though the path is open, there is still a temporary utility pole in the path, which should be removed as construction is completed.

The new bridge’s protected bikeway extends the Glendale Narrows L.A. River bike path across the river to Cypress Park. From there, the expectation is that path will extend along the northeast side of the river, through Lincoln Heights, and into downtown Los Angeles. The path will extend further through downtown and connect with the South County L.A. River Bike Trail at Atlantic Avenue in the city of Vernon.

In theory, the connection into Lincoln Heights, and at least to Arroyo Seco, would be done by closing one or more (or all) lanes of Avenue 19. During bridge construction multiple lanes of Avenue 19 were closed.

Avenue 19 striped for four lanes in 2012. Image via Google street view
Avenue 19 striped for four lanes in 2012. Image via Google street view
Avenue 19 this week, now striped for two car lanes.
Avenue 19 below the Riverside Drive Bridge this week, now striped for two wide car lanes.

Prior to construction, Avenue 19 had been striped for four lanes of traffic. This was reconfigured down to two lanes as part of the new bridge construction. Unfortunately, the lane reduction appears to be more about giving cars bigger, faster lanes (like the new bridge above it), with no new Avenue 19 space allotted for bicyclists or pedestrians yet.

The recently-approved Measure M sets aside $425 million to close all the gaps in the L.A. River bike path. Hopefully, soon, the new more safety-minded and bicycle-friendly city departments can work with communities and river and bike advocates to close some or all of Avenue 19, and extend the bike path and river greenway downstream.

  • Matt Ruscigno RD MPH

    Joe: All of your work on this is incredible, albeit equally frustrating. You’re so right: this could have been built at a more human scale and I feel like it if was just five years later maybe it would have been? Your arguments are strong, so hopefully we start reaching the engineers who need to hear this.

  • James

    does the bike path encourage cyclists to use the cross walk at the roundabout? Have you tried riding through it? I have used 4 lane roundabouts on a bicycle, however those were in Germany and don’t have high hopes for this. I suspect that, like most streets and intersections around here it will only work for the most skilled and fearless cyclists. It really is a shame this wasn’t a part of a larger project to create multimodal streets out of Figueroa and San Fernando, Riverside drive, the streets LA’s battered and abused cyclists are already using. It looks like the bridge bicycle path was designed primarily to be a river trail access feature, probably designed by people who see cycling as a purely recreational activity. An absence of usable intersection facilities and a focus on off street recreatoinal facilities. That sounds like Irvine.

  • Joe Linton

    I don’t think that the treatment encourages cyclists to use the crosswalk. (The only time I rode it was during the opening – and there were lots of folks standing around.) I expect that northeast-bound cyclists making right turns or proceeding straight would mostly use the crosswalk curb-cut and then join the flow of traffic in the circle. The car traffic there is frankly fairly light, so it’s not that difficult for cyclists to proceed through a gap in car traffic.

  • Jessica Drive

    I live in the community and am thrilled with the new bridge. I can’t believe someone is complaining about a Class 1 bike lane! This is awesome for my family of cyclists – kids are safe from cars, which means the world to me. And I love the eggs or whatever they are inside the roundabout – very cool art. Well done city!

  • MaxUtil

    The protected bike path is great as an extension of the river path. But it’s awkward at best for a cyclist riding on Riverside drive NE bound. although there is room for a standard on road bike path on the NE bound side of the bridge,they painted the lanes so there is a choke point with no shoulder at the entrance to the bridge and then just a minimal painted shoulder for the remainder. Anyone riding on Riverside onto the bridge has to go through the narrow gauntlet and then ride on the shoulder. Or they can try to cross Riverside before the bridge to get to the bike path, cross the bridge, then make their way back to the right side of the street to continue.

    I’m not complaining about the path extension itself. But for some reason planners seem to view the only need here as being for recreational riders to stay on the river path or as the path being some kind of “freeway” to get downtown. They could have easily made the bridge much safer and more useful for regular neighborhood cyclists, but simply chose not to.

    Pedestrians also cannot cross the bridge on the south side. So they also get their only option to cross Riverside before the bridge, walk over, then cross back over multiple lanes of traffic to get where they want to be.

    It’s nice they were able to check off the “protected bike line” checkbox. But it appears to me little practical thinking went in to how people would actually use the bridge.

  • Patrick Jackson

    Since they were rebuilding the bridge, they could have at least moved it to the north so it wouldn’t cross under the 5 twice in a stupid arc.

  • Walt Arrrrr

    As frustrating as I get every time I visit this area, I’m sure it’s worse for you Joe. This whole project from beginning to end is an example of how broken Los Angeles is.

    A new unnecessary bridge that no one asked for, designed and built so drivers can drive faster between Riverside and Figueroa. The demolition of a Historic Landmarked Merrill Butler bridge that with the right leadership, could have become a High Line style park. We endured a project that was years over budget, years over schedule, and a construction site hellhole that consistantly treated pedestrians and cyclists as an unwelcome afterthought. For all our trouble, we got 1000ft of bike path that doesn’t connect to any surface street bike lanes or paths. In the time it took to build this first roundabout for Los Angeles, Carmel, Indiana installed 100. *Slow handclap for Los Angeles*

    In Los Angeles we aspire for so much, yet end up time and time again with mediocre results.

  • Jason

    I’d love to find out what mental block is causing planners in this county to insist on shoving pedestrian paths that are too narrow for two-way traffic with two-abreast each way right next to bike paths. I’m having trouble telling from the pictures here about this particular spot, but I can say from firsthand observation that the lanes on the new California Incline are just too wide and that it’s absurd that they favored these overly-wide lanes over not making the pedestrian+bike path so cramped.

  • jennix

    That bike/ped facility sucks. I can’t believe we gave up a nice low dedicated facility so that we can climb 30 feet up and over that speedway bridge. The new bridge is 20feet higher than the old one.

    That was dumb as fuck.

  • jennix

    That bike path sucks. I’ll be in the traffic lane.

  • jennix

    i only use the path northbound. Southbound i take the traffic lane, because that path is stupid.

  • User_1

    Whats next, you’re gona tell us that that catwalk part between San Fernando Road and Chinatown is going to be no more? Closed cause ” likely to be colonized by the homeless”?

    Hell I just saw some homeless camps next to the freeway while I was on the Gold Line and crossing the 110. Are we going to close down the 110?

    Can’t wait to try out this new access point.

  • joemarkowitz

    I think the bike path extension over the new bridge is great as far as it goes, but if cyclists then want to continue riding on Figueroa, they must join the new circle and deal with drivers who don’t really know how to navigate traffic circles, and then continue on a street with no marked bike lane. So where’e the net safety benefit?

  • Alex Brideau III

    Those extra-wide Avenue 19 lanes look ripe for protected bike lanes. Think that idea has any traction?

  • Joe Linton

    well… even better to close at least half of Ave 19, and do a full 2-way bike path with greenery.

  • Alex Brideau III

    A good point. And the presence of a median kickstarts a bike path with some pre-existing protection.

  • Joe Linton

    There’s a big median – probably 20+ feet wide (with trees, power tower footing, 110 Freeway bridge footing) so it’s possible to do a full-on greenway with walk and bike paths running through it. The former L.A. street tree yard under the bridge would be part of it too. Hopefully the MRCA can bring all these together as part of larger Confluence Park.

  • Joe Linton

    Unfortunately I just spotted this http://bike.lacity.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/LADOT-Active-Transportation-Bikeways-Project-List-9-16-16.pdf where LADOT says it’s doing basic bike lanes on Avenue 19 from Avenue 26 [sic – they don’t intersect] to Humboldt. Perhaps that’s phase 1.

  • Kaileo

    The egg sculptures are wildly inappropriate for the entrance to my neighborhood. Who wants death masks to look at? These belong in a museum or memorial park. I love modern art but these are just weird… trees would have been better!

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