Five Key Tips For Metro Regarding Safe Bus-Bike Interactions

Early last week, Michael MacDonald posted his helmet-camera video showing a Metro bus driver veering rightward into his path, then braking. The incident occurred on Adams Boulevard near Hauser. When MacDonald confronted the driver, he responds dismissively and closes the bus window.

The video bounced around the bike corner of cyberspace. It was picked up by Biking in L.A. who called it “a perfect test case for the city’s cyclist anti-harassment ordinance.” The footage ran on Univision and CBS.

There are other similar videos online. Below is one that took place on Santa Monica Boulevard, from YouTube user Wes + Bikes.

Though it doesn’t get recorded on video often, I can personally confirm that this sort of merge conflict happens to lots of L.A. cyclists very frequently, especially those of us intrepid enough to “take the lane” on L.A.’s busier arterial bus-route streets. Yesterday, I bicycled from Koreatown to Downtown L.A. and had two transit vehicles merge into my path, one a Metro Bus and the other an LADOT DASH Shuttle. Public agency bus merges are frequent, as they get over to the curb to pick up passengers, but I’ve also been cut off by plenty of private vehicles, especially near freeway on-ramps, and  driveways.

When a bus is passing me and I can read the situation to see that the driver is moving right to pick up passengers, here’s what I do:

  • I brake, slow way down, until I am behind the bus.
  • I use hand gestures to tell the driver to keep merging rightward (sometimes it seems like the driver is expecting me to pass on the right, so they are braking, too, waiting for me.)
  • Pass the bus on its left. Though buses can seem big and full of momentum and threatening to cyclists, the good news is that they don’t have any doors on the left side, so, on the left, cyclists can pass fairly close to them with no threat of dooring.
  • Throughout this negotiation, I try to remind myself that every 40-seat Metro bus I encounter is roughly 20-50 fewer cars on the road. I try to sympathize with that Metro driver who’s doing her/his job navigating the same crappy traffic that I am.

I suspect this pass-left move will be more difficult for some of the very-fast-moving cyclists out there, but I think that slowing and passing on the left is generally the safest and least stressful way to go.

As Biking in L.A. reported, cyclists often report these incidents to via Metro’s formal complaint process, then hear nothing back from the agency. MacDonald filed a complaint, and, to date, has yet to hear back. The agency quietly impenetrably seals customer complaints in the bus driver’s personnel file.

In this case, though, Metro responded publicly. Well, sort of. While there was a tiny bit of media heat on this, Metro published this article on its The Source blog. Metro cited bus driver training materials – all the way from Chicago! The article concludes with Metro’s 5 “key tips” advice to cyclists.

I’ve been thinking about key tips, bike safety, buses, and all. Here are a few key tips I have for Metro.

5 Key Tips for Metro Interaction with Bicyclists: 

  1. Fund bike projects. Show us that the agency values cyclists lives. Sometimes it feels like Metro spends more effort putting bike photos on billboards than it does in putting bike facilities on the road. Metro’s $88 billion 10-year Short Range Transportation Plan (SRTP) includes only $500 million for active transportation. That’s 0.6 percent! Metro needs to up its game – perhaps get busy implementing the agency’s first/last mile plan, and, in the long run, include robust bike facilities in all those big capital projects coming down the pipeline. Include these early, in the early stages of the planning process.
  2. Get bike share implemented. Metro has been studying and studying bike share, tentatively targeting rolling out a regional bike share system clustered in three initial spots: Santa Monica/Venice, Pasadena and Downtown Los Angeles. Some day they’ll get around to putting out a Request for Proposals (RFP.) Convince us cyclists that you, Metro, aren’t shy about commitment. Let’s set a date! Just propose! Maybe sweeten that RFP by including plenty of bike share funding in that SRTP. Bike share, at $5-$17 million, is whole lot cheaper and healthier than those freeway projects you’ve been spending so much time with. Maybe even take bike share seriously enough to list it somewhere on Metro’s Upcoming Projects page.
  3. Stop opposing bike projects. Bike lanes make for a great margin that makes bus/bike interactions at bus stops much easier. In my experience,  that pass-on-the-left maneuver I described above is a lot easier where there’s a bike lane. The bus merges to the right, into the bike lane, and, voilà! this great safe 5-foot-wide passing lane opens to the left of the bus. Just wide enough for bikes to pass, but not wide enough for cars. Metro staff testified against the North Figueroa bike lanes at last month’s community meeting. Metro’s official comment letter [pdf – page 12] decries the impacts of awesome bus stop features in MyFigueroa (see item 4 below), and requests extensive analysis of car traffic congestion before implementing L.A. city’s year one priority bike lane projects.
  4. This rendering of the MyFigueroa project shows how protected bike lanes help prevent bus-bike conflict.
    This rendering of the MyFigueroa project shows how protected bike lanes help prevent bus-bike conflict. Cyclists keep to the right. Pedestrians cross the bike lane and wait in bus shelters located on bulb-outs. Image: MyFigueroa

    Fund and build protected bike lanes. Protected bike lane projects, including MyFigueroa, include bulb-outs for bus boarding. These mingle cyclists and pedestrians, keeping them out of the way of buses. Watch this video – it’s awesome.

  5. Leadership at the top: At Metro’s April 16th 2014 Sustainability Committee meeting, after verbally associating bicyclists with “dead people” and “funerals,” Metro CEO Art Leahy stated that he had visited Portland and noticed people actually using bicycle boulevards. It’s pretty clear, when the subject comes up, that Metro’s CEO doesn’t take bicycling seriously. At least not seriously enough to learn any of the terminology. How about getting Mr. Leahy up on a bike? There are a bunch of Metro-funded CicLAvia events coming up, great for people who are afraid of bicycles.
  • h and r bloche

    Joe you are better man than I. I cant stand some of these bus drivers. DICKS. These two incidents on film are EXACTLY my experience on Sunset Blvd. complaints to metro are worth close to nothing but every driver should be reported though.

  • Andy B from Jersey

    I was once cut off by a NJ TRANSIT bus driver just like in the first video when I was EXCEEDING the speed limit! It was crazy and I filed a formal complaint via telephone (got the bus number and the time). I was also pushed to the curb by a NJ TRANSIT bus that never completed his pass of me while riding on Cookman Ave in old downtown Asbury Park NJ. That driver could have really killed me and if he did that to any less skilled of a cyclist he likely would have. His actions were unconscionable considering the slow nature of traffic on that street and the amount of beach cruiser style bike traffic that road gets.

    While the actions of the bus driver in the first video were dangerous and unprofessional, I think the rider could have been a little more courteous to the bus driver and let him go. Maybe. I’m not sure. It looks like he was going at a very good clip (20+ mph) but if the bus had been waiting behind for a long time, even prior to the start of the video, then it could get frustrating. I will often let motor vehicles pass when it is convenient for me to do so even if I don’t have to. It’s a mater of being courteous and safety as I have much more control of the situation when I’m behind a car than in front of them.

    The actions of the bus driver in the second video were totally inexcusable.

  • Jo Fan

    Bad ass post, thanks! Yes, get the old decision makers to actually experience bicycling conditions. It wasn’t till Villaraigosa had his stumble that he started seeing things from the perspective of vulnerable road users.

    And seriously, buses (like private automobiles) can take a hit in travel times if it means the street is made safer. You know what slows buses down more than road diets? it’s drivers, especially the ones that refuse to let the bus merge back into traffic or swerve around the buses because they’re “going too slow”. Want better travel times? How about get rid of a car lane and make it dedicated bus lane? Bikes and bike lanes aren’t the enemy, they’re your allies.

  • Kenny Easwaran

    I find that Metro buses are my favorite motorized vehicles on the road when I’m biking. It’s unfortunate that they have to constantly cross my path to get to their stops, but they’re far more polite and safe about it than any other vehicle on the road. DASH buses are a bit worse, and school buses are awful – they may even be worse than cars!

  • James

    Just to shed some light to a small a thorn since I studied this [CPRA] at school.

    Under the California Publics Records Act 1968 there’s limited information an employer can disseminate about their employee. More specifically discipline.

    I’m sure if I complained about a sales rep. or a manager of a company, the employer would NOT disseminate the corrective action they took.

  • Joe B

    I watched the Chicago video, which is useful but full of instructions that probably seem obvious to most cyclists on this blog.

    Bus drivers have a tough job and the unfortunate bus passengers are often stuck in horrid traffic that’s not of their own making. I’d be interested in hearing from Metro drivers about any other things we (cyclists) can easily do to make their drive easier and faster, that we might not already know about.

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