Behold the 1st Street Bike Lanes! Now Where Was the Outreach?

While many cyclists around the city applauded the 1st Street Green Lane, local drivers, pedestrians and even cyclists were confused when the lane was painted last fall. All pics by Carlos Morales

Bike lanes began to appear in Boyle Heights during November 2011.  It was a joyous celebratory occasion to many cycling advocates who have lobbied city hall for years.  The lobbying is a result of several thousand incidents throughout the city in which cyclists have been involved in automobile traffic collisions.  These incidents have resulted in property damage, personal injury, and tragically, death.

Politicos hold press conferences announcing the new bike lanes as they are painted in each district throughout the city.  They jump on a bike, ride for a block or so for the perfect photo opportunity.  After the picture has been taken, they walk away from the project, and it’s “Mission Accomplished!”

Well, not really….. I started to receive phone calls and emails from Boyle Heights residents asking questions as soon as the paint was dry on the new 1st Street Bike Lanes, part of which are painted green.  These calls were mostly concerned with how to maneuver around the new bike lanes.  This did not surprise me, as a matter of fact, I was expecting them. The simple reason is that there has been NO outreach or educational material distributed about bike lanes to our community.  Like magic, the bike lanes simply appeared.  After receiving these many calls in November, I rode over to observe for myself. I witnessed near misses between pedestrians, cyclists and motorists around the bike lane.

Too common a site...

In preparing for this article, I revisited First Street in Boyle Heights, where I witnessed the close calls.  First Street has about 1.5 miles of bikes lanes that run past the Mariachi Plaza and the Metro Eastside Gold Line.  I observed a couple interesting incidents. The first was a car double parked in the bike lane.  I pulled out my camera to document it, and as I approached the car to speak with the driver, he drove off.  This is a big problem. Cyclists often find obstacles such as cars, trash cans and debris thrown in the bike lanes.

The point of the green lane is to reduce interactions between cyclists and other road users. But when cyclists don't know where to position themselves, the purpose of the lane breaks down.

Next, I saw was a couple of cyclists who veered over from the bike lane to the curb while waiting for a green light at the intersection of First and State Street.  First, I thought it was an isolated incident, then a couple of minutes later, I noticed another cyclist doing it, a few minutes later, yet another one. This actually puts the cyclist at a greater risk and into a “Danger Zone” by placing them in the way of a vehicle making a right turn.  When the light turned green, each cyclist would veer back into the bike lane position while pedaling through the intersection.  This can be another dangerous maneuver which places the cyclist in danger.

Last, I noticed pedestrians crossing bike lanes often talking, surfing the ‘net, chatting and texting on their cell phones.  They are not paying attention to the stripes on the ground. This should be a concern because this is where pedestrians, bikes and automobiles all meet on the street, all sharing the road.

During this trip I also met Juan Romero, owner of Primera Taza Coffee House and asked him what he thought of the bike lanes. Romero said, “I think it’s a great start, not only for businesses here in our community but also for residents.  They (cyclists) are now able to utilize these lanes as a safe pathway to run errands or go to school or work.  One of the problems we have in Boyle Heights is the mix of bikers and foot traffic on the sidewalk. I have seen lots of near misses with people walking in and out of businesses.  Now that the bike lanes are in place, I hope more cyclists will try to use them and clear room on the sidewalk for pedestrians. It’s nice to see entire families riding in the lanes and even better when everyone is wearing a helmet.”

The new green lane on Spring Street Downtown actually caused more confusion for riders in Boyle Heights. Why does their lane look different? What does it mean?

Romero asked me, “Why the discrepancy of the Green bike lanes in downtown Los Angeles (DTLA), and the ones we have here in Boyle Heights?” What Romero was referring to is that in DTLA, the bike lanes are printed solid green, and in Boyle Heights lanes are outlined with lines with partially painted green sections.  LADOT officials have noted that in DTLA, there are less driveways and alley ways where vehicles can pull in and out.  In contrast to the Boyle Heights community, there are many businesses and residences with narrow driveways and numerous alleyways.  The green stripes are there to warn both cyclists and motorists, these are “Danger Zones.”  The green stripes are also found at all intersections by the crosswalks.

A common problem in this city and across the state; is many cyclists are teens or possibly day laborers.  They do not own a driver’s license, or perhaps never obtained one, yet they are expected to obey the same rules of the road as a motor vehicle.  Most of these people have never seen a Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) manual, which is referred to when preparing for a driver’s license to operate a motor vehicle, and learn the “Rules of the Road.”

Many cyclists who can't speak English or are day laborers aren't aware of their responsibility to stay off the sidewalk when there is a bike lane.

I picked up the 2011 CA DMV Manuel just to see what it says about bike lanes.  This section does not seem to have been updated, and does not mention or include photos or diagrams of green bike lanes.

Below is a snippet of actual verbiage out of the CALIFORNIA DRIVER HANDBOOK 2011 Edition:

Bicycle lanes: A bicycle lane is a designated traffic lane for bicyclists, marked by a solid white line, typically breaking into a dotted line at the corner.  Different from a simple white line showing the edge of the road, a bicycle lane follows specific width requirements and is clearly marked as a bike lane.

Share the Roadway Bicycle markings (sharrows)

Sharrows are used to remind motorists that bicyclists are allowed to lawfully use     this portion of a lane.  Sharrows are used to assist bicyclists with positioning on a shared roadway.  It also alerts motorists of the location a bicyclist may occupy within the traveled roadway.

  • Treat a bicycle lane the same as other traffic lanes.
  • Do not turn into the lane if there is a bicyclist in the bike lane. Yield to oncoming traffic.
  • Do not obstruct bicycle traffic by reducing the width required for safe bicycle passage, typically three to four feet. When you are making a right turn and are within 200 feet of the corner or other driveway entrance, you must enter the bicycle lane only after en- suring there is no bicycle traffic, and then make the turn. Do not drive in the bicycle lane at any other time.

Bicyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as vehicle and motorcycle     drivers. Respect the right of way of bicyclists because they are entitled to share         the road with other drivers.

Personally, I find the bike lane section to be very vague and outdated. It does not mention pedestrians in bike lanes, and does not mention or have photos of the green bike lanes.

What bike planners and city officials are missing is an integral cohesive education and outreach plan, supported with visible signage to address motorists, cyclists and pedestrians.  Signs should be posted on poles along the road and sidewalk where the bike path is located.  It should address pedestrians, cyclists and motorists. Outreach should also be done at schools, city parks, libraries, businesses or resident homes.  Signage should address blocking of bike lanes (cars / trash cans / dumping of debris), Texting/Chatting/Surfing/Talking while walking near the lanes.  Not just “SHARE THE ROAD” and “BIKE LANE”

The lack of education and good signage causes other confusion. For example, many cyclists think this section of road is a bike lane. It isn't.

There are two good examples of public outreach from the government on local projects here in Boyle Heights. The first is the Metro Gold Line Eastside Extension. Prior to becoming operational, Metro launched a public safety outreach and education campaign through flyers, newspaper ads, several public meetings, and press conferences, all aimed at the community public safety concerns. They also made presentations at schools, Neighborhood Watch meetings, Chambers of Commerce mixers, Neighborhood Council meetings, parks, libraries, and passed out literature to businesses and homes.  When the Gold Line became operational, Metro launched another outreach and education campaign to make sure the community understands the severity of possible dangers.

The second example is the campaign utilized prior to LA distributing the three trash collection and recycling bins (Black, Green and Blue) to city residents.  This outreach and education campaign was established to alert stakeholders on what items were to be deposited in each colored container.  When the containers were delivered, the city informed stakeholders by attaching flyers on the collection bins to ensure the community understands the proper use of these containers.  There were also press conferences and pamphlets passed out at Neighborhood Councils, Senior Centers, Libraries, and Neighborhood Watch meetings.

What will it take for city officials to take a proactive approach, and move forward to outreach and educate our community of the importance of bikes lanes?  We have only begun to see the first 100 miles of the proposed 1,600 miles of bike infrastructure. Let’s solve the problem now before another community member gets hurt or killed.

Carlos Morales’ weekly column is sponsored by the law firm of  Gordon, Edelstein, Krepack, Grant, Felton & Goldstein, LLP.

  • Surferfromthe70s

    its not hard to figure out how a bike lane works.  We do not need more signage on the light poles, the are so cluttered as it is.  If anything, the outreach could be done through Metro in the form of pamphlets and posters on, in, and around buses, trains and stations.   As the bike lane and network grow, more people will use it, and be utilized more heavily and it will become more visible and normal.  People adjust, it takes time. 

  • Clarification: in the City of LA, there is no “responsibility to stay off the sidewalk when there is a bike lane.” Riding on the sidewalk is perfectly legal as long as you yield to pedestrians.

    I think this post raises an interesting issue, but there’s a fundamental trade-off between more outreach on each new facility and more facilities implemented, period. It seems to me that the bike community has really pushed for “more mileage per year,” and that’s what DOT is responding to. The cheapest, quickest way to maximize mileage implemented per year (given a total budget for bikeways that is probably effectively fixed) is to do it lean and mean, with little or no outreach. I’m not advocating this strategy, necessarily, just pointing out the dynamic. 

    All that said, we bike advocates can and should keep pushing for more mileage AND more outreach.

  • Yay – Herbie’s comments are right on. I agree.

    I strongly disagree with an implication that less-than-perfect bicyclist usage should stand in the way of bike lane implementation. Did we stop building streets/freeways because drivers used them incorrectly/unsafely? (I hear those “scofflaw” car drivers sometimes exceed the prescribed speed limit… sometimes don’t come to full stops at stop signs.) 

    That some cyclists don’t use bike lanes in the best and safest way (in Boyle Heights where bike lanes have only since what September 2011 – all of nearly 6 months) – is not a big problem. My suggested solution: build more bike lanes! Then riders will come to expect the lanes and will observe more folks using them – and over time more cyclists will feel safe using the bike lane correctly.

    Yes – there should be better and more outreach – but keep building the new lanes while we improve the outreach.

  • I don’t think Carlos is saying that we should put bike projects on hold indefinitely until we have a great outreach model, but that we need to recognize that when we’re putting in something new and different, such as the partially painted green lane in BH, that there could be some confusion.  When we were interviewing for a BH writer, every interviewee except one mentioned that the lane appeared almost overnight and people didn’t know what the heck it was.  One person even mentioned that cyclists were staying out of it for the first week because they thought it was in the process of being painted and didn’t want to get wet paint on their tires.

    That’s a problem, not one that applies to bike lanes everywhere, but something we should learn from when it comes to some of the newer bike infrastructure that goes in.  The Spring Street Buffered Bike Lane received how much media attention vs. the Boyle Heights lane?  That media attention was generated by a community that was working with LADOT/Mayor’s office/whoever on the project for years.  No such effort happened in BH and it created a level of confusion that could have been avoided, maybe even just with a press conference or a flyering effort or something.

  • Shoot – that was Damien that just responded.  Didn’t realized I was logged in with the Streetsblog twitter account.

  • Josef Bray-Ali

    I think Carlos points out the knowledge gap most utilitarian cyclists in LA have as compared to the more informed readership on Streetsblog. I didn’t know anything about bikes and the law until I started hanging out on Midnight Ridazz rides and reading online. East LA is home to many more cyclists per capita than other neighborhoods, but most have never been introduced to techniques like effective cycling. The general population has no real idea about this stuff, so how can we expect non-native language speakers to hunt this information down or even care enough to search it out?

    Educating adults about better cycling techniques is something vital that needs to happen. There is always a noble focus on kids, but the reality is that adults are the primary users of these lanes, and are deserving of an education in safe riding techniques. We do this for drivers, we should do it for cyclists.

  • One of the problems, as you noted, is that in California, bike lanes do not continue across an intersection.

    Note this treatment in Boston, if youre on a bike, youre always in a bike lane, theres no question about placements
    http://g.co/maps/3w54k

  • David

    1) is there a map available showing all LA bike lanes?
    2) green paint is a concern…cyclists know that paint, when damp, is slippery.  best bike lanes don’t use paint, they use graphics.

  • John

    The material on 1st St is not paint but preformed thermoplastic by Flint. It has corundum added for skid resistance. Corundum is the second hardest material known; just behind a diamond. http://www.flinttrading.com

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