USC’s Planned Expansion in Boyle Heights: When Planning Objectives and Community Perceptions Collide

Gonzalo Ceja, 23, describes his Olympic aspirations and asks for greater investment in the park so other neighborhood “diamonds” can shine. Sahra Sulaiman/LA Streetsblog

Taking a deep breath as he looked out over the crowd that had gathered in the gymnasium of Hazard Park to discuss USC’s planned expansion on its Health Sciences Campus, the lanky and earnest youth with the air filtration mask dangling from his belt made an appeal to the hearts of the USC representatives.

“There’s a lot of diamonds out here,” 23-year old Gonzalo Ceja said of the youth in the Boyle Heights neighborhoods surrounding the area.

“All they need is polishing.”

By “polishing,” he was referring to his desire to see a new track and improved athletic and recreational facilities at the park, situated next door to the County-USC medical complex. He had grown up and still lived within spitting distance of the park, and wanted youth like himself — a top-ranked track star at East L.A. Community College with Olympic aspirations — to be able to stretch their legs, their lungs, and their horizons.

Decades younger than most of the hearing’s attendees, he seemed to be symbolic of the future that many said they were seeking to protect.

While they had responded enthusiastically to a number of the commenters speaking in opposition to USC’s plans or demanding a more meaningful partnership, Ceja’s plea seemed to have struck a real chord with attendees. They cheered him loudly and some approached him afterwards to encourage him to continue to follow his dreams.

It dawned on me that if anyone were to have just dropped into the meeting at that moment — or at any other time during the workshop and public comment period, really — they would have had been very confused as to what the purpose of the event was.

Hazard Park sits in the bottom left of the image. The blue line extending from the set of two boxes and the small baseball diamond (the gym and other facilities) towards Soto St. is the length of the proposed extension of Norfolk St. (Source: USC)

To USC, this was a (largely) straightforward public hearing to inform the community about a set of changes that would be coming to the area.

Planned improvements included the construction of a new clinic building, student housing, and a hotel and the extension of Norfolk St. to Soto St. The buildings would be built on land USC already owned while the new roadway would be built on land the city had long-ago designated for the roadway and that was not technically a part of Hazard Park. In exchange, residents would get new handball courts and some improvements in the form of an exercise circuit.

Anticipating some pushback from the community, particularly on the street construction, Craig Keys (Associate Senior Vice President, Civic Engagement at USC) walked me out the back end of the gym to show me the cones indicating where the extension of Norfolk street would go.

He told me I would hear a lot of things said that night, but that it was important to understand that the Norfolk extension would not fall on park land. Yes, there was a handball court straddling some of the land that would need to be removed and rebuilt, but it had been put on the city land by mistake — USC was not taking anything from the community.

The extension of Norfolk St. would pass between the cones on the sidewalk and the fence on the hillside (up on the left), requiring the removal of the handball courts. Sahra Sulaiman/LA Streetsblog

To community members, however, these technical truths were of little consequence. They cared more about the symbolism of the expansion.

That didn’t mean that there weren’t real concerns about the project.

Residents Pepe and Cristina, for example, feared that the construction of the dormitory would negatively impact their neighborhood by increasing traffic and making parking more difficult. Medical students were already avoiding paying high fees at the medical complex by parking on the area’s side streets. More students on the campus would likely only exacerbate this problem.

They and others were angered by the suggestion from a project consultant that a potential solution might entail putting parking restrictions on residential streets. Why should they have to pay for permits to park near their own residences because of some cheap USC med students? It didn’t seem fair to them.

Nor did the potential for increased traffic and air pollution in an area already hemmed in by two freeways, two very busy thoroughfares, and well-used freight train tracks.

Gentrification concerns were also high on the list.

A consultant on the project addresses people’s concerns about parking and traffic. Sahra Sulaiman/LA Streetsblog

Not only did people believe that locals would be shut out of jobs and opportunities to compete for commercial space in the proposed hotel, but they feared the full-time presence of med students and hotel patrons would mean negatively impact the character of the community.

Especially if med students, emboldened by USC’s expansion but wanting to avoid student housing, began moving into the surrounding residential areas. Residents were not looking forward to the potential of raised rents or the intensification of profiling of youth seen around the University Park Campus in South L.A.

The real issue, however, lay in Cristina’s suggestion that, “Honestly, [USC] do[es]n’t understand people’s ties to this park.”

Many consider Hazard Park to be sacred ground.

In the 1960s, activists and environmentalists spent seven years successfully fighting the city’s plans to construct a veterans hospital there. In 1968, Lincoln Heights teacher Sal Castro, led the Eastside “blowouts” — walkout protests of schools that activists claimed set Mexican-Americans up to fail — to Hazard Park. Castro and the blowouts are thought to have played an important role in both the history of the area and in launching the larger Chicano rights movement.

While the facilities, wetlands area and de facto bird sanctuary, and the park itself might appear somewhat degraded from the lack of investment over the years, the spirit of the place and what it represents to the community remains very, very present for many.

USC’s attempt to position themselves as good community partners that would respect and help preserve this heritage were therefore not ringing true to anyone.

“If it was the city’s land, why didn’t they build that extension [of Norfolk]?” asked someone who felt USC was blaming the city instead of owning up to their own land-grabbing aspirations.

“[USC has] a history of broken promises… as far as resources and jobs,” said another man, claiming USC had done little outreach to at-risk youth, reneged on promises of youth apprenticeships for wetlands preservation, and made little real investment in the community.

“If you’ve been here for 100 years,” said one man, referencing USC’s claim to have a history in the area, too, “why has it taken so long for you to recognize us as a community?”

Others questioned whether USC knew what it meant to “listen” to a community, citing the drawn-out process behind the specific plan for the South L.A. campus and their perception that the community got steamrolled. They feared giving in on the Norfolk extension would inevitably lead to more park or residential space being taken later.

“They’re like junkies,” said one man angrily, “and they got the money to pay for their habit!”

I looked down at the glossy packet detailing USC’s investments in communities around Los Angeles that USC representatives had handed me on the way in to the meeting and was inclined to think things were really not going well for USC at this point.

In truth, it was hard to know how things were going.

A number of the most vociferous speakers last Thursday night had also been present at the same workshop held the previous Saturday. And, they were repeating a lot of the same concerns that they had voiced then.

So, while it seemed like there was a critical mass of opposition, at this stage of the outreach process, at least, it isn’t completely clear where the wider community stands on the project.

Only time and greater outreach will help clarify the community’s position. Unless, as longtime activist Vic Choudry claims, people (referring to the residents of Ramona Gardens) so loathe USC that they won’t even engage them for fear of participating in their own “blackmailing.”

Whatever the case, making an effort to be more innovative in their outreach might be one step USC could take.

According to Pepe, right now it feels like “your neighbor is moving their fence into your yard and then inviting you over to barbeque” in their new space.

“Who would be OK with that?”

  • Looking at the park on the map, theres an empty concrete lot right next to it, why not attempt to shift the road there? When was the park built in the ROW? Isnt there a law that converts ownership if its been claimed long enough? Adverse posession?

  • sahra

    That was one of the comments people made — why not curve it through that space? Why are they so set on taking the strip of land that people perceive to be parkland? I can’t answer that for sure. I know it was noted as a potential compromise by the consultants and other USC representatives. They just bought that parcel recently (within the last decade, I believe), so I’m assuming there are future plans for that space. Interestingly, I just went to check the master plan and find that PDF is no longer accessible online, although it was when I put the link in two hours ago… So, now I really can’t tell you!

  • Kenny Easwaran

    I would think that residential permits would be popular. I assume that existing residents would be granted permits for free, while new permits would cost money – that seems like the natural way to convert things.

    The complaint about the park seems real, but complaints about parking and traffic seem like the generic complaints that get raised about every single project, regardless of the value of the project to the neighborhood or the developer.

  • sahra

    True, traffic and parking are always a problem in any plan, but apparently the city is thinking about closing one of the entrances to the complexes because it crosses the train tracks, which would bring more traffic over to the Soto side.

    And re: permits. I don’t know too much about them but I believe that they generally do cost? They used that tactic in West Adams to try to curb prostitution and other unwanted late-night activity and my understanding was that it turned out to be costly for residents. It was a complaint some made to me. But I don’t know for sure how it works…

  • ubrayj02

    This community is totally over-run with a highway-based road network power drilled through a residential community. Soto is a freeway onramp with lights. USC’s pedestrian and bike access leave everything to be desired. This entire motorized medical hillside needs to be re-thought. Bringing more snobbish, hood-scared, upper crust, medical school types to the community and installing them in an auto-oriented street network behind locked gates is NOT being a good neighbor. There should be a drastic reduction in road widths. There should be a calming of traffic. This neighborhood has some of the most disgusting pedestrian facilities I have ever encountered in my entire life – and I know fomr repeated personal experience how bad it is. I took my kid to preschool in this area for several years and am well acquainted with the multiple failures in road design this small area has – that USC whole heatedly embraces. The dysfunction is complete. I would love to see this roadway construction halted and rethought – this should not be a car access road. It should not exist or it should be car-free.

  • Phaedra

    Blah blah blah, USC is always the enemy… nothing new on this site…… Waiting for your article on Westfield’s tax cut for their new Topanga development. Point is, sounds like community wants nothing changed, which will never be possible. There has to be compromise on both sides. And permits.. if you can’t afford a parking permit, that’s ridiculous. They can afford it. just like their can afford their cable and cell phone bills.

  • It just seems really crap that theyd rather bulldoze existing parking lot than an empty concrete base. No wonder the community doesnt trust them.

  • calwatch

    USC already owns property in Alhambra at the Alhambra complex, which has plenty of space to expand. I’m sure the owners of the Alhambra would love to build to spec some buildings for USC.

  • HighNoon

    “Blah blah blah, USC is always the enemy… nothing new on this
    site…… sounds like community wants nothing changed”

    Blah, blah, I can’t be bothered to read something before I comment on it. The article is full of examples of the community providing ideas for change. Of course you won’t know what they are saying if you are so quick to dismiss it.


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